Assad has won 4th term, what’s next?

People walk by an image of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad in Damascus on 10 May 2021 (AFP)

Syrian President Bashar al-Assad was re-elected for the 4th term in office with 95.1% of the votes. According to Assad’s government, the election results proved Syria is functioning normally.

This will extend his rule over a country despite harsh criticism from the United States, Germany, Italy, France and Turkey as well as Assad’s opponents in the country said the vote was illegitimate.

Despite their condemnation of his brutal and authoritative regime during the decade-long Syrian civil war, imposing economic sanctions and militarily backing his opponents, the Syrian leader was able to remain in power and save the country from the territorial divide. Like a true captain of the wrecked ship, Bashar Al-Assad did not leave the war-torn country and, what’s important, did not let it collapse despite West’s multiple efforts to intervene.

With Russia’s support, Assad arranged constant humanitarian help flows to the country and save the sovereignty of secular state despite endless clashes and civil war in the country. Moreover, Assad assured his supporters get access to education and healthcare while his government provided jobs to workers.

Prior to the elections, the White House have warned Syrian President that it would not recognize the result of upcoming presidential election unless the voting is free, fair, and supervised by the United Nations while Biden administration said it had no plans to restart the dialogue “any time soon” claiming the Assad government failed to restore legitimacy in the country. With no doubts such open statements mean the West will continue its pressure to the Assad’s regime and will try to remove him from his post demonstrating a double standard “legitimacy” at its best.

Statement by Ambassador Y. Halit Çevik, Permanent Representative of Turkey to the United Nations during the Meeting of the Preparatory Committee for the Third International Conference on Small Island Developing States

On the left,  Ambassador Y. Halit Çevik, Permanent Representative of Turkey to the United Nations
On the left, Ambassador Y. Halit Çevik, Permanent Representative of Turkey to the United Nations

Mr. Chairman,

Today we are faced with pressing global challenges. World population is expected to go over 9 billion by 2050 creating unprecedented pressure on our resources, especially on water, food and energy. Almost one billion human-beings are still undernourished. Environment is getting polluted. Biodiversity has deteriorated like never before and environmental degradation is unfortunately not getting enoughattention. Climate change is posing threat to our wellbeing, even to human existence in some parts of the World.

While the climate threat to the entire planet goes on virtually unchecked, sea level is rising at an alarming rate due to the negative effects of increasing carbondioxide (CO2)concentration in the atmosphere, thereby posing an immediate and real threat to the survival of those peoples and communities who live on small land either by the sea or surrounded by immense ocean masses. The magnitude of the social and humanitarian threat posed by sea level rise far surpasses any economic consideration; loss of homeland and related identity, relocation, changes in ways of life are its real and potentially devastating consequences.

In the first place, Small Island Developing States are confronted with all the adverse effects of the above, not to mention gravely detrimental consequences of the rising sea levels of unprecedented magnitude. If urgent action is not taken, living conditions in these places will get worse eventually leading to disastrous consequences.

We regard the Declaration of Barbados and theProgramme of Action for the Sustainable Development of SIDS, the Mauritius Declaration and the Mauritius Strategy for the Further Implementation of the Programme of Action for the Sustainable Development of SIDS as UN landmark documents and cornerstones for global action.

The outcome document of the Rio+20 UN Conference constitutes a breakthrough development regarding the need to fully address all issues pertaining to the SIDS.

Turkey welcomes the declaration of 2014 as the International Year of Small Island Developing States. We are confident that Samoa will host the Third International Conference on Small Island Developing States (SIDS) in a very successful and able manner in September 2014. We attach great importance to the success of this conference. To that effect, Turkey is pleased to extend its financial support to the host country. We would also like to underline the importance of contributions by the interested member states to the SIDS Third International Conference Trust Fund.

Turkey completely shares all the concerns expressed by the SIDS expressed in international fora. We believe that the post-2015 development agenda should properly address the concerns of the SIDS, and the entire UN membership should approach this process with a pragmatic, constructive and forward-looking perspective. Therefore, no effort should be spared during this Conference in order to produce a new development framework for the SIDS which will also be in line with the post-2015 development agenda.

Turkey is committed to assisting and supporting developing countries in their efforts towards sustainable growth and development. Our interest in the vulnerabilities of SIDS should be seen within the broader context of our foreign policy agenda, as a medium-to-long-term and high-priority objective.

Turkey has become increasingly active in sharing its own development experiences and in contributing to international development cooperation efforts as a whole, especially in the SIDS as well as Landlocked Developing Countries (LLDCs).

With this understanding, we hosted the 4th UN Conference on Least Developed Countries in Istanbul in May 2011, which brought together Governments, parliamentarians, academics, as well as representatives of civil society organizations and the private sector. We also have offered to host the Mid-Term Review Conference of the 4th UN LDC Conference.

Being a developing nation itself, Turkey perceives a special responsibility that our unique location, history and humanitarian tradition bestow upon us to share our development with other nations worldwide.  This understanding will guide our continuous engagement with the preparations of the 3rd   International Conference on SIDS.

We stand ready to make available the expertise accumulated throughout these processes for the success of development agenda to be designed for the SIDS as well.

In this regard, we also fully support the well-founded request of the SIDS to determine a stand-alone sustainable development goal for oceans in the post-2015 agenda.

Thank you.

Kucuk Ada Devletleri

 

In Turkish

New York’taki Türkevi’nde ”Küçük Ada Devletleri Uluslararası Yılı” resepsiyonu

Türkiye’nin BM Daimi Temsilcisi Halit Çevik’in ev sahipliğini yaptığı resepsiyona, Nauru Cumhurbaşkanı Baron Waqa’nın yanı sıra çok sayıda ada devletinin temsilcisi ve üst düzey diplomat katıldı.
NEW YORK (AA) – Gelişmekte olan ”Küçük Ada Devletleri Uluslararası Yılı”nın ilanı nedeniyle New York’taki Türkevi’nde bir resepsiyon verildi.
Ev sahipliğini Türkiye’nin BM Daimi Temsilcisi Büyükelçi Halit Çevik, ada devleti Nauru Daimi Temsilcisi Marlene Moses ve BM Ekonomik ve Sosyal İşler Genel Sekreter Yardımcısı Wu Hongbo’nun yaptığı resepsiyona Nauru Cumhurbaşkanı Baron Waqa’nın yanı sıra Samoa Başbakanı, Barbados ve Morityus Dışişleri Bakanları katıldı.
Resepsiyonda bir konuşma yapan Büyükelçi Halit Çevik, insan hayatı için çevre ve su kaynaklarının önemine değinerek, iklim değişikliğinin tüm insanlığı tehdit ettiğini söyledi.  Küresel sorunlara hiç kimsenin gözünü kapatamayacağını vurgulayan Çevik, Türkiye olarak ada devletlerinin gelişmesi için her türlü desteği vermeye hazır olduklarını söyledi.
Çevik, 1-4 Eylül tarihleri arasında Samoa’nın Apia kentinde yapılacak 3. Uluslararası Küçük Ada Devletleri Konferansı Hazırlık Komitesi toplantısının bugün başladığını belirterek, toplantının başarılı geçmesi için çalışmaya devam edeceklerini söyledi.
Nauru Cumhurbaşkanı Baron Waqa ise konuşmasında küresel ısınma ve iklim değişikliği ile mücadelede birlikte hareket etmenin önemine vurgu yaparak, Türkiye’nin ada devletlerine gösterdiği yakın ilgiye teşekkür etti.
Resepsiyonda Türk mutfağından çeşitli örnekler misafirlere ikram edilirken, ada devletlerinden gelen müzik gruplarının sergilediği performanla bazı misafirler dans etti.

Turkey Waltzes With Itself in Vienna

By Goran Mijuk

Vienna–It takes two to tango. But Turkey choose to waltz with itself at the World Policy Conference in Vienna, where political and industrial leaders stressed the need for increased partnerships around the globe.

Emboldened by the country’s growing global economic importance and political levy in the fast-changing Arab world, Turkish President Abdullah Gül this weekend called for the European Union and United Nations to adapt to new realities.

Embittered that talks to join the E.U. are being blocked by a number of countries, including France and Germany, Gül blamed the eurozone for having failed to play up to its own rules and called on the United Nations to reform its structure to reflect the growing importance of emerging economies.

 

Turkey’s President Abdullah Gül makes a speech at the opening of the World Policy Conference at the historic Hofburg palace in Vienna December 9, 2011.
Turkey’s President Abdullah Gül makes a speech at the opening of the World Policy Conference at the historic Hofburg palace in Vienna December 9, 2011.

 

All but pointing to Turkey as a potential new member of a revamped U.N. Security Council, Mr. Gül also offered the country as a role model and “inspiriation” for the Arab world, touting Turkey’s tradition of religious freedom, secularism and openness, much in line with the high-flung visions traded at the Vienna meeting.

Mr. Gül failed, however, to impress. Amr Moussa, former Secretary General of the League of Arab States and presidential candidate in Egypt, said at the meeting that Turkey won’t serve as a role model for the Arab world. Instead, he called for a new vision of democracy in countries such as Tunisia, Egypt and Libya.

Mr. Moussa defended the need for deep-rooted and serious change in the Arab world. But he invited Israel too to adapt to the new realities that are emerging out of the “Arab Spring”. Mr. Moussa stopped short of making concrete demands, in line with a cautious diplomatic tactic that tries to bring all interest to the negotiating table.

Mr. Gül chose to be less diplomatic. Instead of joining a lunch with Israel’s Defense Minister Ehud Barak on Friday and mend broken ties with the country, Turkey’s president took a stroll through Vienna and visited a mosque in the city.

According to media reports, Mr. Gül also took precautions to avoid meeting Mr. Barak in person in Vienna. The Israeli Minister retorted by leaving the Hofburg conference hall when Mr. Gül started his lament on the poor state of the E.U. and U.N.

Mr. Gül’s attitude can be explained by recent politics. Ties between the two countries have worsened ever since nine Turks were killed in 2010 when they tried to break Israel’s naval blockage of Gaza. Nothing has improved since as Israel has refused to officially apologize for the 2010 incident.

But a potential role model should act differently. Mr. Gül’s criticism of the E.U. and the U.N. would have carried more weight had he taken the opportunity to talk to Mr. Barak, especially during an informal lunch behind closed doors.

Instead of adding credibility to Turkey’s claim of being a modern, open society that plays up to global standards and even exceeds them in many aspects, Mr. Gül’s chose to waltz with himself, risking to step on many feet in the process.

This is simple power politics, not inspiration.

via Turkey Waltzes With Itself in Vienna – Emerging Europe Real Time – WSJ.

Regarding the Turkey’s Candidacy for the U.N. Security Council

Turkey, a founding member of the United Nations (U.N.), is an ardent defender of the principles and goals enshrined in the U.N. Charter, supporting resolution of international disputes through multilateral cooperation.

Within this framework, Turkey plays a constructive role regarding all issues on the U.N. agenda and, therefore, attaches special importance to undertaking active duties and responsibilities within the U.N. system and other international organizations.

Turkey is accordingly determined to increase its contributions to international peace, security, stability and prosperity, as well as to further its efforts towards strengthening of fundamental principles and values such as human rights, democracy and the rule of law. Thus, Turkey is announcing its candidacy for non-permanent membership in the U.N. Security Council (UNSC) for the years 2015 2016.

The main reason for announcing our candidacy once again, not long after our non-permanent membership in the UNSC for 2009 2010, emanates from our belief that Turkey will provide significant added value to global peace and security in an era of critical and rapid change in international affairs.

The Middle East and the Mediterranean basins are undergoing a political change and transformation process that is likely to mark the upcoming decades. These developments have further increased Turkey’s responsibilities regarding international peace, stability and security, thereby influencing the preference on the term for its next candidacy for non-permanent membership.

Throughout the course of history, Turkey has constantly been at the crossroads of international, political, economic and cultural interactions. This strategic location has endowed Turkey with outstanding heritage, allowing it to take a wide and unifying view on issues without making East-West, or, North-South distinctions. At a time when the search for a new and inclusive world order has gained momentum, Turkey therefore stands out as more meaningful and significant.

Turkey is located at the center of the Afro-Eurasian geopolitical plane, where perhaps all risks and opportunities in international affairs are most intense. In addition, by virtue of its dynamic, visionary and multi-dimensional foreign policy practices, as well as its impressive economic performance, Turkey plays a pioneering and special role in turning risks into opportunities, and producing cooperative solutions.

Turkey has made substantial contributions to traditional global security efforts. Moreover, it has been a catalyst for expansion of good governance based on sustainable economic development, human rights and the rule of law, which together constitute an inseparable dimension of contemporary security.

In fact, the active approach Turkey followed in the Security Council during 2009 2010, to which we were elected after 48 years, was to find comprehensive and lasting solutions to the current issues through dialogue with all parties. This demonstrated our constructive potential and added value for accomplishing global peace and security.

Our policy of “zero problems with neighbors” and our efforts to encourage international cooperation and dialogue are also among the primary elements of our vision for creating a harmonious and prosperous climate which will render lasting peace and security.

Turkey does not limit these endeavors to its immediate neighborhood. On the basis of the principle of indivisibility of peace, security and prosperity, Turkey initiates and implements mutually beneficial projects across a wide geography from the Caribbean to the Pacific islands.

Our increasing assistance to developing countries is the result of a conscious approach to strengthen the strategic link between security and development, thereby placing global security on firm footing.

Turkey is well known for its security-focused approaches to U.N. issues, and subsequent military and police force contributions to the U.N. operations. Turkey is now taking important steps in peace building, which requires a multi-dimensional and long-term effort. On this score, the meetings we convened during our membership to the UNSC took an integrated and determined posture towards these issues.

Indeed, Turkey organized a session entitled ‘peacekeeping’ in 2009, which was later carried forward through a Security Council ‘retreat’ in Istanbul. In light of the discussions pursued at these two meetings, Turkey held the sixth summit meeting of the Security Council during its term presidency in September 2010. This initiative was crowned by a Presidency Statement, which encompassed the Council’s entire efforts towards establishing peace and security within a single framework.

Turkey, during its UNSC membership, was also active in sharing its experiences in combating terrorism. Turkey took a leading role in the efforts to effectively combat terrorism, addressing its root causes, as well as building capacity to this end.

Turkey will remain engaged in these efforts in the future. The ‘Mediation for Peace’ initiative we launched together with Finland in the U.N., refers to a topic occupying an important section in the Presidency Statement. This stands in testimony to our sustained engagement in this field.

Turkey’s growing economy will constitute a major source of power in our future strides. Thanks to her sound and resilient economic and financial fundamentals, Turkey is among the least affected from the global economic downturn, and it currently ranks as the 16th largest global economy.

By virtue of this fact, Turkey also actively contributes to the work of the G-20, where it is a member, and constantly strengthens and diversifies its assistance programs towards the developing countries. In this framework, the technical and humanitarian assistance provided to all corners of the world primarily through the Turkish Cooperation and Development Agency (TİKA), already an internationally known name, has increased significantly in recent years.

Turkey hosted in Istanbul the 4th U.N. Conference on the Least Developed Countries in May 2011 and assumed an active role in the implementation of the road map, which will provide guidance over the next decade. The road map adopted during this conference constituted yet another indication of Turkey’s will to deploy her economic resources in the service of global security and development.

Simultaneously, Turkey is emerging as a center for international organizations in recent years, including the U.N. Turkey currently hosts the U.N. Population and Development Fund’s regional office, Secretariats of the Black Sea Economic Cooperation, and the Turkish Cooperation Council.

Hosting important conferences and events, Turkey plays a key role in the conclusion of fundamental documents and agreements that guide the proceedings of concerned international organizations. Among such conferences recently held in Turkey are summit meetings of OSCE, NATO, UN-HABITAT, ECSC, ECO, Alliance of Civilizations and World Water Forum.

In addition, the meeting held in Istanbul in May 2011 of the Council of Europe Ministerial Committee (CEMC) which Turkey chaired for 6 months focused on steps to reform the CEMC and to nurture peaceful coexistence of diverse cultures in Europe.

It is worth noting that Turkey harbors a rich and deep-rooted heritage in peace and harmony, takes a globally leading role in inter-cultural dialogue, and promotes the Alliance of Civilizations initiative, as one of the two co-sponsors, an endeavor that has become the most effective and expansive initiative within the U. N. frame.

All of these factors underscore that Turkey, when elected to the UNSC, will significantly contribute to the UNSC proceedings as a country that holds diverse perspectives towards contemporary challenges.

Turkey’s overarching foreign policy vision also defines its views on the prospective Security Council membership. This vision aims to:

• act along the lines of a modern approach that upholds respect for human rights with a view to balance security and freedoms,

• enhance respect for human rights, fundamental freedoms, democracy, rule of law and gender equality around the world,

• achieve peace, security, stability and prosperity in its region and beyond through cooperation based on political dialogue, economic interdependence and cultural harmony,

• take multi-faceted steps to establish a holistic, lasting peace over the long term and engage in efforts for peaceful resolution of conflicts and protection of peace,

• ensure that preventive diplomacy and mediation remain high priorities, and matching resources are allocated for dispute settlement,

• urge expediency in international efforts while combating terrorism and organized crimes,

• actively support efforts to achieve the Millennium Development Goals, also bearing in mind the correlation between development and security,

• ensure international technical and humanitarian assistance remain unimpeded,

• bolster endeavors in the fields of inter-civilization and inter-cultural dialogue,

• advocate reform efforts geared towards furnishing the U.N. with a more effective and democratic structure.

It is with this vision and desire to serving humanity and contributing to the world peace and security that we decided to announce Turkey’s candidacy for the U.N. Security Council membership during the years. 2015-2016.

Taking this opportunity, we wish success to Spain and New Zealand, two friendly countries with which we enjoy immaculate bilateral relations, which also announced their respective candidacies for Security Council membership during the same term.

Thus, while announcing her candidacy with a desire for serving in the U.N. Security Council for a second time over a period of fifty years, Turkey has thoroughly assessed the best term suitable in offering her contributions to international peace, stability and security, and has taken her decision in light of this appraisal.

Turkey’s constructive, proactive and reconciliation-oriented posture in the U.N. and other international fora, as well as the values that it has represented on a wide geography, are assurances to its future pursuits.

 

Republic of Turkey Ministry of Foreign Affairs

The Cyprus issue has once again reached a critical stage

We are now at the most important conjuncture since the period leading up to the referendum of April 2004, and as such we feel compelled to issue a very important message that portrays the feelings of Turkish Cypriots both here in the UK , the TRNC and other countries where there is a high Turkish Cypriot Diaspora.

We all wish to see constructive action by the end of January 2011 and in anticipation we have taken this opportunity to show unity, and thereby exert pressure by way of a collective statement to the United Nations & the negotiators.

ATCA would like to formally invite you/your organisation to join us in this action.

IF YOU WISH TO SUPPORT THIS STATEMENT, PLEASE USE THE ONLINE FORM TO ADD YOUR NAME

http://www.atcanews.org/atca/index.php?option=com_ckforms&view=ckforms&id=2&Itemid=78

The closing date to notify us of your wish to be included as a signatory is midday (GMT) on Friday 14th January 2011.

***Many thanks to all those people who have already indicated that they wish to have their names included as joint signatories and who have also helped in the preparation of this statement***

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Kıbrıs sorunu bir kez daha kritik sayfaya erişti.

2004 Referandum süreci ve öncesinden beri karşılaştığımız en ciddi kesiş noktasındayız ve bundan dolayı KKTC vatandaşlarının yoğun yaşadığı ve yurtdışında yaşayan Kıbrıs’lı Türk diyasporası hissettiklerini önemle ve büyük bir hassasiyet ile intikal ettirmek ihtiyacı hissetmektedir.

Ocak 2011 sonunda yapıcı bir tavır, olumlu bir gelişme görmek arzusundayız ve buna dayanarak birliğimizi göstermek, haklı bir halk baskısı yoğunlaştırmak maksadı ile ortak bir bildiri yayınlamak istiyoruz.

ATCA sizi ve cemiyetinizi ortak hareket edebilmemiz, birlikte faaliyet gösterebilmemiz için birliğe ve beraberliğe davet etmektedir.

Cağrımızı destekliyor iseniz, aşağıdaki linkden isminizi ekleyebilirsiniz.

http://www.atcanews.org/atca/index.php?option=com_ckforms&view=ckforms&id=2&Itemid=78

Birlikte hareket edebilmek ve ortak mesuliyet taşımak icin son tarih 14 Ocak 2011, öğle saat 12 dir

***Bu ortak bildirinin hazırlanmasında emeği geçen ve şimdiden ortak girişimimizi teyid eden bireylere teşekkürlerimizi, saygılarımızı iletiyoruz***