Israel’s Massive Supply of Sophisticated Weapons to Azerbaijan

Agence France-Presse / Getty Images F-4 Phantom jet (Israeli-flagged version)

The Israeli Haaretz newspaper published on March 5, an astounding article titled: “92 Flights from Israeli Base Reveal Arms Exports to Azerbaijan.”

The article reported that on March 2, Azerbaijan’s Silk Way Airlines’ cargo plane landed in Israel’s Ovda military airport, and two hours later returned to Baku via Turkey and the Georgian Republic. In the last seven years, this is the 92nd cargo flight from Baku to Ovda, the only airfield in Israel that is allowed to export explosives. These military shipments increased substantially during Azerbaijan’s attacks on Armenia/Artsakh in 2016, 2020, 2021 and 2022. Pres. Ilham Aliyev of Azerbaijan has described Israel’s covert relations with Azerbaijan as being like an iceberg, nine-tenths of it is below the surface.

Israel supplies almost 70% of Azerbaijan’s weapons and in return receives about half of its imported oil. Haaretz quoted foreign media sources disclosing that: “Azerbaijan has allowed the Mossad [Israel’s intelligence agency] to set up a forward branch [in Azerbaijan] to monitor what is happening in Iran, Azerbaijan’s neighbor to the south, and has even prepared an airfield intended to aid Israel in case it decides to attack Iranian nuclear sites. Reports from two years ago stated that the Mossad agents who stole the Iranian nuclear archive smuggled it to Israel via Azerbaijan. According to official reports from Azerbaijan, over the years Israel has sold it the most advanced weapons systems, including ballistic missiles, air defense and electronic warfare systems, kamikaze drones and more.”

Haaretz revealed that Azerbaijan’s Silk Way Airlines “operates three weekly flights between Baku and [Israel’s] Ben-Gurion International Airport with Boeing 747 cargo freighters.” In addition, some Eastern European countries circumvent the ban on the sale of weapons to Azerbaijan by shipping them via Israel.

The restriction of the sale of weapons by Europe and the United States to Armenia and Azerbaijan created an opportunity for Israel to earn billions of dollars in weapons’ sales to Azerbaijan.

Haaretz reported that “Israel has exported a very wide range of weapons to the country [Azerbaijan] — starting with Tavor assault rifles all the way to the most sophisticated systems such as radar, air defense, antitank missiles, ballistic missiles, ships and a wide range of drones, both for intelligence and attack purposes. Israeli companies have also supplied advanced spy tech, such as communications monitoring systems from Verint and the Pegasus spyware from the NSO Group — tools that were used against journalists, the LGBT community and human rights activists in Azerbaijan, too.”

The Stockholm International Peace Institute wrote: “Israel’s defense exports to Azerbaijan began in 2005 with the sale of the Lynx multiple launch rocket systems by Israel Military Industries (IMI Systems), which has a range of 150 kilometers (92 miles). IMI, which was acquired by Elbit Systems in 2018, also supplied LAR-160 light artillery rockets with a range of 45 kilometers, which, according to a report from Human Rights Watch, were used by Azerbaijan to fire banned cluster munitions at residential areas in Nagorno-Karabakh,” even though Israel and 123 other countries have banned the use of cluster bombs.

Haaretz reported that “In 2007, Azerbaijan signed a contract to buy four intelligence-gathering drones from Aeronautics Defense Systems. It was the first deal of many. In 2008 it purchased 10 Hermes 450 drones from Elbit Systems and 100 Spike antitank missiles produced by Rafael Advanced Defense Systems and in 2010 it bought another 10 intelligence-gathering drones. Soltam Systems, owned by Elbit, sold it ATMOS self-propelled guns and 120-millimeter Cardom mortars, and in 2017 Azerbaijan’s arsenal was supplemented with the more advanced Hanit mortars. According to the telegram leaked in Wikileaks, a sale of advanced communications equipment from Tadiran was also signed in 2008.”

According to Haaretz, “Israel and Azerbaijan took their relationship up a level in 2011 with a huge $1.6 billion deal that included a battery of Barak missiles for intercepting aircraft and missiles, as well as Searcher and Heron drones from Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI). It was reported that near the end of the Second Nagorno-Karabakh War in 2020, a Barak battery shot down an Iskander ballistic missile launched by Armenia. Aeronautics Defense Systems also began cooperating with the local arms industry in Azerbaijan, where some of the 100 Orbiter kamikaze (loitering munitions) drones were produced — drones that Azerbaijan’s defense minister called ‘a nightmare for the Armenian army.’”

In 2021, “an indictment was filed against [Israel’s] Aeronautics Defense Systems for violating the law regulating defense exports in its dealing with one of its most prominent clients. A court-imposed gag order prevents the publication of further details. A project to modernize the Azerbaijani army’s tanks began in the early 2010s. Elbit Systems upgraded and equipped the old Soviet T-72 models with new protective gear to enhance the tanks’ and their crews’ survivability, as well as fast and precise target acquisition and fire control systems. The upgraded tanks, known as Aslan (Lion), starred in the 2013 military parade. Azerbaijan’s navy was reinforced in 2013 with six patrol ships based on the Israel Navy’s Sa’ar 4.5-class missile boats, produced by Israel Shipyards and carrying the naval version of the Spike missiles, along with six Shaldag MK V patrol boats with Rafael’s Typhoon gun mounts and Spike missile systems. Azerbaijan’s navy also bought 100 Lahat antitank guided missiles.”

In 2014, “Azerbaijan ordered the first 100 Harop kamikaze drones from IAI, which were a critical tool in later rounds of fighting. Azerbaijan also purchased two advanced radar systems for aerial warning and defense from IAI subsidiary Elta that same year…. Two years later, Azerbaijan bought another 250 SkyStriker kamikaze drones from Elbit Systems. Many videos from the areas of fighting showed Israeli drones attacking Armenian forces…. In 2016, during Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu’s visit to Baku, Aliyev revealed that contracts had already been signed between the two countries for the purchase of some $5 billion in ‘defensive equipment.’ In 2017, Azerbaijan purchased advanced Hermes 900 drones from Elbit Systems and LORA ballistic missiles from IAI, with a range 430 kilometers. In 2018, Aliyev inaugurated the base where the LORA missiles are deployed, at a distance of about 430 kilometers from Yerevan, Armenia’s capital. During the war in 2020, at least one LORA missile was launched, and according to reports it hit a bridge that Armenia used to supply arms and equipment to its forces in Nagorno-Karabakh. More advanced Spike missiles were sent in 2019 and 2020.”

It is appalling that the descendants of the Holocaust are supplying such massive lethal weapons to Azerbaijan to kill the descendants of the Armenian Genocide.



This article was made possible by the support of readers like you.

Harut Sassounian is the Publisher of The California Courier, founded in 1958. His weekly editorials, translated into several languages, are reprinted in scores of U.S. and overseas publications and posted on countless websites.

He is the author of "The Armenian Genocide: The World Speaks Out, 1915-2005, Documents and Declarations."

As President of the Armenia Artsakh Fund, he has administered the procurement and delivery of $970 million of humanitarian assistance to Armenia and Artsakh during the past 34 years. As Senior Vice President of Kirk Kerkorian’s Lincy Foundation, he oversaw $240 million of infrastructure projects in Armenia.

From 1978 to 1982, Mr. Sassounian worked as an international marketing executive for Procter & Gamble in Geneva, Switzerland. He was a human rights delegate at the United Nations for 10 years. He played a leading role in the recognition of the Armenian Genocide by the U.N. Sub-Commission on Prevention of Discrimination and Protection of Minorities in 1985.

Mr. Sassounian has a Master's Degree in International Affairs from Columbia University, and a Master’s in Business Administration from Pepperdine University.


4 responses to “Israel’s Massive Supply of Sophisticated Weapons to Azerbaijan”

  1. Selen Atasoy Avatar
    Selen Atasoy

    Çok teşekkür ederiz İsrail, ancak siz ve biz bu yalancı Ermenilerin hakkından geleceğiz. Son zamanlarda Ermenistan çok şımardı, emmisi Rusya’ ya ve Irana çok güveniyor. 1915 de ve sonra haince öldürdükleri Türklerin bir gün intikamı alınacak!

  2. Harut Sassounian Avatar
    Harut Sassounian

    Mr. Selen,

    Why did you decide to write such a nasty note full of lies? I have always said Armenians have thing against individual Turks, except for those who deny the Armenian Genocide. You have now identified yourself as a genocide denier. That is your decision. I suggest that you reconsider denying a fact after 108 years. I hope you appreciate my polite note.

  3. Selen Atasoy Avatar
    Selen Atasoy

    Mr. Barut Sassounian,
    You guys are like the neighborhood gossip women!

  4. Harut Sassounian Avatar
    Harut Sassounian


    I will ignore your nonsense. I am writing to correct a typo in my previous message.
    Here is the corrected sentence: “I have always said, Armenians have no demands from individual Turks. However Armenians have major demands from the Turkish government.”

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

  • Istanbul earthquake – Risk and early warning

    Istanbul earthquake – Risk and early warning

    In the early hours of 06 February 2023, south eastern Turkey and northern areas of Syria were hit by a powerful and destructive quake. A […]

  • This Drone Will Change Everything

    This Drone Will Change Everything

    A drone is a flying robot that can be remotely controlled or fly autonomously using software-controlled flight plans in its embedded systems, that work in conjunction […]

  • How is it to be Armenian in Turkey?

    How is it to be Armenian in Turkey?

    It’s definitely an interesting experience. The Armenian community of today’s Turkey is tight-knit, and the vast majority of us live in a few upper-middle-class neighborhoods […]

  • Truth is Stranger Than Fiction: Israel’s Ambassador to Azerbaijan is an Armenian

    Truth is Stranger Than Fiction: Israel’s Ambassador to Azerbaijan is an Armenian

    When I first heard that Israel’s Ambassador to Azerbaijan, George Deek, is an Armenian, I thought that it can’t be true. However, I was astonished […]

  • Turkey’s strategy reveals Erdogan has built a house of cards, not an Empire

    Turkey’s strategy reveals Erdogan has built a house of cards, not an Empire

    The year of 2023 might become perhaps the worst time for Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan and his political career. Being harshly criticized for his […]



     Vladimir Putin’s days as Russia’s leader are very few. Russia is in deep trouble because of him. He dates back to Josef Stalin. For almost […]

  • Origins of Ak & Kara

    Origins of Ak & Kara

    In Turkish, what’s the difference between ak/kara and siyah/beyaz? What is their origin? How can they be used? Siyah (black), Beyaz (white), Mavi (Blue), are […]

  • Atatürk and Modern Turkiye

    Atatürk and Modern Turkiye

    Dear Friends, Those of you who may be interested in about foundation of Republic of Turkey and her founder, I found this link quite a […]

  • US F-35 shows off its insane vertical takeoff capability

    US F-35 shows off its insane vertical takeoff capability

    US F-35 shows off its insane vertical takeoff capability F-35B Can land vertically like a helicopter and take-off in very short distances. This allows it […]

  • Why does Turkey have a variety of tanks?

    Why does Turkey have a variety of tanks?

    Why does Turkey have a variety of tanks? What is the purpose of each type of tank? Turkey has such a vast array of Cold […]

  • Do Greeks living in Turkey form a community?

    Do Greeks living in Turkey form a community?

    Yes, mainly in Istanbul, albeit a small one as compared to Ottoman Days. This is sad and we are perhaps the main cause for this. […]

  • Is there anyone who can speak Turkish?

    Is there anyone who can speak Turkish?

    Biraz. (very little!) Seriously, though, Turkish is a language well worth studying. Wrapping your brain around a completely different syntax will definitely stretch it! The […]