By an Armenian-American senator, to claim $$$$$ from certain parties for
the decendents of non existing GEnoside…

AGAINST THE TURKS. R.C.Craigie,of American Archives,Washington,DC to:British Foreign Secretary, Lord George Curzon- 13 July 1922


Before we go any further, let us review what the expression ‘cottage
industry’ means. The newest edition of a well known dictionary calls it
“activity carried out or job done in workplace or at home.” Nothing could
fit better than this to describe the labor-intensive work of Armenians in
Diaspora. These people struggle slavishly, day and night, at home or office
to achieve their obsessive objective: To ruin the good name of Turkey and
Turks by every possible means. Some of their self-admitted confessions
indicate that “they live every minute of every day just to hate Turks.”
This hatred -charged loyal labor force, religious to the core, is supported
one hundred per cent by the mother Church. Tens of thousands of its members
work in a strictly organized fashion, following a unified agenda to create a
product, which will represent to the world, on their behalf, the sum total of
all the alleged misery and calumny ever befallen on the Ottoman Armenians in
a far-away land, almost a century ago. The product they’re busy fashioning
is an item, vital for their existence, as much as the air they breathe. It
is extremely in demand, because without its indispensable support their house
of cards won’t have a chance to stand up .
The name of this much sought after profitable product is “GENOCIDE,” and the
enterprise set up to produce it is called “GENOCIDE.COM ”
([email protected]) There is a HUGE amount of hunger generated for this
item. Every Armenian wants to acquire it in large quantities, to be taken
out hot from the presses, to be distributed lavishly by Armenians of every
walk of life, to every corner of the world. The item is used during their
interminable discourses, especially while the non-Armenians are being wooed
to join their side. These people could be the members of domestic or
international Media, representatives of various legislatures. They say that
this article, “Genocide,” should be abundantly used at the beginning, in the
middle, or at the end of all statements. This official procedure is to be
strictly followed during all encounters with academics, city and state
legislative bodies, or plain members of the local Press. As precious and
indescribable an item the product may be, it is neither vegetable, nor
animal, nor mineral. One may, however, call it ‘verbal.’ In normal
conditions, excluding the ‘Armenian sacred’ month of APRIL, the principal
place and time for this item to be used is very important. It is crucial
that the propagation of the made-up scenarios, such as the improvised sob
stories, the sorrowful narration of human sufferings of all kinds,
experienced by their ancestors, and the “brutal” treatment they received
from the rulers of the now defunct, Ottoman Empire are sensitive anecdotal
materials ,and they have to be made quite believable. Needless to say, a
majority of Americans do believe them. “Genocide” has been an item whose
definition these people have been improving over the years, ever since they
heard it first introduced in a publication by a non-Armenian . Now,
however, having been appropriated from him, it is being honed and refined to
an etymological perfection. Then it is sent everywhere to be subliminally
transmitted into the cranium of every peaceful, and unsuspecting American
citizen. This has been a proven method in which the targeted person or
persons are made to learn to acclimatize themselves to the wrongdoings of
the Turks as perpetrators of the “genocide.” Nothing is ever left to
chance. All captive audiences are lectured time and again on the subject of
a variety of cataclysms which allegedly occurred to their poor down-trodden
Armenian relatives. Never mind the fact that the Armenians were the favorites
of the Turkish Sultans and the
One thing is certain though, the dates of these horrible events may
constantly be changing. They could be referred to, at times, as having
happened between the years of 1915 and 16, at other times between 1914 and
1922. The most popular of them lately, has been the one of 1915 to 1923.
However, this tedious, monotonous and definitely confusing work, is a labor
of love for these unwavering, obdurate Armenians. Their work is believed to
be generating from ghetto-like enclaves of Southern California. In ‘Silicon
Valley’ alone 200,000 of them live, and many of them infiltrate the local
computer-age cyber companies where they unload their one-sided views on the
mythology of “genocide”. Unknown to these captive audiences is the fact that
the “disinformatsia” the Armenians are passing on to their listeners, is
worse than its original form employed by the Soviet Union’s KGB apparatchiks.
The product these people are disseminating comes from their “mental
rumination.” because they feed each other constantly stories of the distant
past, most of them are, the purposefully-embellished semi-fictional stories
depicting vague events allegedly taken place in geographically untraceable
locales, with funny sounding Armenian names having replaced the original
ethnic Turkish ones. Armenians make out of all this, a lucrative propaganda
Industry. By collecting, packaging and peddling around these mythical fables
passed on from generation to generation, rehashed by semi-senile
grandmothers with their characteristically confused memories, they score
success after success and thus recruit new turcophobes.
The well- known French writer, and member of the “Academie Francaise”, Pierre
Loti, despised the Armenians of the Ottoman Empire when he lived there and
had dealings with them intimately on a personal basis. He is rumored to have
said once : ” ..their vociferous blabber is the only claim to fame.”
Actually, there could be no objection to what they’re saying and writing
among themselves. But, this is not the case at all. With great deliberation
and determination they use every cunning methodology and ‘modus operandi’
to disseminate these venomous views of theirs, and shove them down the
throats of uninterested American public and Media. This is the saddest part
of the whole story, because, in most cases the same Media, accepts their
drivel without further research or verification of authenticity. And the
newspapers represented by the members of the Press, publish them verbatim,
swallowing hook, line and sinker, every falsehood provided to them by the
Armenian organizations. However, there seems to be an awakening observed of
late. Some of the members of state legislatures are speaking up, saying :
“resolutions dealing with 85 year old political events which may or may
have not occurred, at another part of the world should have no relevance to
the affairs of the state we represent in this country today.”
Meanwhile, back in the Cottage Industry, oblivious to all this, writers of
all caliber of talent and background grind out stories by the dozens. Every
Spring when the month of April approaches a ‘frenzy and delirium’ take over
these Armenian institutions. Everyone competes with everyone else, to outdo
each other in sending letters, faxes, and e-mails, even telegrams to any and
all publications possible. After all, Spring is the season of
resurrection, and their stale concoctions left over from the previous years
have to be revived once again and expedited to their new destinations as if
they were some freshly cultivated crop. So, now is the perfect time to go
out and plant in various journals and magazines these fictional accounts.
Get them published in a myriad of bogus articles, then take those printed
materials to show to the state legislators , to US Congressmen and
Senators and demand that they pay attention to them and consider them in
their future proposals, etc… And , low and behold ! their insidious system
works. The routine goes on, people are fooled, the deception continues with
no end in sight. The Armenian National Committee of America (ANCA) is
happy, and the lackeys of the Armenian constituents, the unabashed
bootlickers, the Boniors, the Porters, the Gilmans, the Pallones, the
Radanoviches are the ones who keep on getting elected and sustain the
“GENOCIDE.COM” operations. Their ultimate goal is to reach and inundate
and infest the inhabitants of every conceivable location in this universe
and beyond.
The “drone-like” members of this cottage industry keep busy reproducing
the tools needed to use against the Turkish nation and its government to
force them to admit the “butchery” of millions of ‘innocent’ ancestors of
theirs, and force the Turks to repent on the altar of history their
systematic liquidation of the ‘millions’ of the Armenians in Anatolia.
However, the figures used in this so-called “genocide” is an ever-changing
thing. Every time they have reference to it the number of the victims
fluctuates, varying between 300,000 to three million. This discrepancy does
not bother the Armenians. They are used to this kind of thing. They are
known to have lied and having deliberately misrepresented figures, and forge
documents before. Interested parties should refer to the scandalous forged
documents known as ANDONIAN papers. On various occasions when they organize
“genocide” shows around the country, usually a disgusting “photograph” is
exhibited. It shows hundreds of skulls piled up in a most gruesome
fashion. The caption says: IN MEMORY OF THE 1,500,000 MARTYRED ARMENIANS
WHO WERE MASSACRED BY THE TURKS IN 1915. The truth about this perfidious
claim is that it is a lie. The photo is a counterfeit. It is far from being
a photograph taken in 1915, it is in fact the photocopy of a Russian
masterpiece painted in oil by Vassili Vereschagin who died in 1905. His
original painting is still hanging at the Tretyakov Gallery in Moscow
today. The Armenians know this forgery quite well, but continue using it
throughout the world on pamphlets and postcards. They did this as recently
as last month in France.
Soon after the First World War, the high ranking Ottoman officials were
arrested and imprisoned by a victorious England, on the island of Malta. the
men who numbered 140 were detained, while an Armenian scholar named HAIG
KHAZARIAN was appointed by the British to locate evidence of war crimes and
persecution of Armenians. After researching the archives of a captive
Ottoman government, the British archives, and finally the U.S. Department
archives, all the detainees were released after three years . Although
Britain suffered a great deal of humiliation, at least, they thoroughly
researched the matter and were decent enough to admit their mistake before
releasing these unjustly accused people. ( Erol Bulur, Media Watch report,
The oft referred to infamous “quotation” of Adolph Hitler: “Who still
speaks today of the extermination of the Armenians” etc… is as phony as a
three dollar bill. Hitler had never uttered those words. However, he is
reputed to have used frequently the following quotation , which sounds like
it was borrowed from his Minister of Propaganda, Joseph Goebbels : “The
more you repeat a lie, the more it becomes the truth. To be able to give a
more authoritative answer to the above Hitler quotation, let us read a short
passage from Prof. Dr. Turkkaya Ataov, Chairman, International Relations
Division, Ankara, Turkey. Professor Ataov categorically refutes the quotation
and says in part: “As a matter of fact, Hitler had probably made only one
reference to the Armenians in a talk delivered on December 12, 1942, in which
he described them as unreliable (unzuverlassig) and dangerous (gefahrlich.).
Adolph Hitler was not the only one who had negative feelings about the
Armenians. It was Pierre Loti, the French novelist and world traveler, whose
name was mentioned above proudly defended the Turkish position, when others
sided with the Armenians because they were closer to their religious feelings
and beliefs. Loti knew the Turks intimately for having lived in Turkey and
written books about his friends, the Turks, about whom he once said the
following : “Their loyalty… unblemished honesty,…endless
hospitality…religious tolerance …moral elegance and natural tact, do give
affectionately deposition for the Turks in front of great Tribunal of
Humanity. Letters continue to arrive to me everyday, from officers, soldiers,
even Catholic priests, who were able to know them closely at the Dardanelles
and who remain amazed to have found the Turks to be as I had described them.
One of the most touching came from a soldier who had been their prisoner for
a long time, to express his tender gratification of the Turks who took care
of him with brotherly love. Thank God, the truth about them is beginning to
make headway at home.” (France)….He continues, “To speak …about the
Armenian race is for me more painful than one would believe, because the
amount of their unfortunate ‘incidents’ rendered me almost scared; also… If
I were able to claim and support that all the French who have lived in
Turkey, even our monks and nuns, give the Turks their esteem and their
affection, on the contrary, I believe that we would find barely one out of a
hundred of us who has good memories of these ‘unfortunate’ Armenians. All
who have had any relationship whatsoever with them, mundane or business,–
business affairs above all, were turned away with antipathy.

There are other testimonials . The well-known student of Turkish affairs,
Dr.Stephan Ronart wrote the following in his, “La Turquie d’Aujourd’hui”
The Turkey of Today, Paris 1937
“….Three times in the same millennium, Turks have built three
inter-continental empires- the mightiest that history has ever recorded. This
expansive spirit has always been the normal pattern in Turkish social life.
None of these early Turkish empires allowed the slightest religious
intolerance to take hold among themselves, nor did they advance the
superiority of one faith or of one sect over another.

Alphonse de Lamartime,in his 9 volume essay on Turks wrote long before anyone
else that Turks were generous and sensitive, that their country was that of
gentle, heroic people. He proclaimed that to be
the foe of such a people would be like being the foe of humanity. He
finished his words by saying :
“God preserve me from such a sin.”
Having remembered the injustices perpetrated on the Turkish people by the
Armenians and Greeks in these
United States, and having just finished reading the above unsolicited
testimonials, I cannot refrain myself from asking the following question:
“Could our ancestors ever commit the crimes they are accused of? Were the
Turks of the old Ottoman Empire capable of harboring within their hearts a
burning desire compelling them to annihilate a human race, the Ottoman
Armenians? Invariably the answer comes up a resounding “NO”, no, no, never!

There are times when I find it impossible to comprehend the enormity of the
accusation we Turks have been confronted with. To be able to endure for
a long time, such a horrendous indictment, a “Genocide” we had to be totally
innocent of the charges and we are. There was no such thing as a “Genocide”
For those who ask themselves, “If Turks were such a fair, magnanimous, and
gentle people why then the Armenians in Diaspora accuse them for such a
horrendous crime of Genocide?” Here’s the answer which they will never
accept because it runs against their profitable enterprise of GENOCIDE.COM
. They will always refute the truth. The wholesale Armenian insurgence in
the Ottoman Empire for a pipe dream called Independence, and the extortion
of a piece of valuable Turkish real estate did not pan out ever since the
Armenians have been playing the role of “bad losers” and selling a
deportation/resettlement issue as
plain old “Genocide”

But why take the prejudicial words of a person like me? Why not listen to the
an American, General James G, Harbord, the head of the U,S. Government’s
investigative Commission, sent to Anatolia in the Fall of 1919 by none other
than President Woodrow Wilson? In his report to President Woodrow Wilson,
and to the U.S Congress,General James G. Harbord said the following: “The
Turks and the Armenians lived in peace, side by side for centuries ; that
the Turks suffered as much as the Armenians at the time of the deportations,
that at the start of World War I and before, Armenians never had anything
approaching a majority of the population in the territories they called
“Armenia”; they would not have majority even if all the deported Armenians
were returned; and the claims that returning Armenians would be in danger
were not justified.”

Finally as a definitive answer to the accusations of the profitable Armenian
Enterprise “GENOCIDE.COM
and to its tireless contributors, we have here, one more time, for every
Armenian to see and to learn by heart, the official words used on the
declaration of the British Government from the island of Malta, where 140
high ranking Ottoman government officials suspected of having engineered the
“Genocide” were kept incarcerated, and then let go free at the end of their
third year of imprisonment in 1921. From 13 July 1922 British Foreign Office
Archives, 371/6504/8519, Mr. R.C.Craigie of American Archives in Washington
,DC written to Lord Curzon, of England saying that :


I’d like to bring this essay to a close with the words one more time of the
great friend of the Turks Pierre Loti who in his book : “Fantome d’Orient”
1928 wrote: “One should be blind to history not to understand the Turks.
The dignified silence of the Turks against the mounting unjustified attacks
and mean slanders can only be explained by their pity for the blind. …How
beautifully this attitude of theirs answers the undignified calumnies.”

Mahmut Esat Ozan
Prof. Emeritus, Dept.
International Studies
MDCC, Miami, Fl.


Mahmut Esat Ozan

In this day and age of the INTERNET revolution, the web sites have
been swarming the computer screens. They are everywhere. It’s almost
impossible to ignore them. Most of these web-sites are designed to
fulfill a necessary and beneficial function. Others are truly the
epitome of the expression ‘junk mail,’ or the paradigm of the word
‘trash.’ Yet they proliferate uncontrollably. Some of them are very
conspicuous, to say the least. At times their graphics are bleeding
with discordant colors, almost always with gaudy hues. They seem to
scream at the browsers, daring them to disregard the challenging
messages cleverly hidden within the bowels of their enticing, but
deceptive verbiage.

One such web-site caught my attention recently. The following
message was displayed in large letters on the screen:

The struggle for the liberation of the last enslaved Greek lands:
North Epirus-(Albania), North Macedonia, East Thrace-(Turkish Trakya),
Asia Minor-(Anatolia), North Cyprus-(TRNC) has started.
The brilliant progress of our Greek ancestors has to continue in
the same manner. A historical responsibility has passed on upon us.”

Following these outrageous statements, a Greek Military Evzone-like
cartoon character appears and walks towards the Turkish flag, which is
spread out on the ground, and begins to urinate on it. This disgusting
event repeats itself continuously, on a loop, every three or four
seconds, until one decides to change the web site, or turn off the
There have been other similar cases: In their typical fashion, even
the official members of the Greek government cannot help but use the
most pejorative words to describe their fellow diplomats, the Turks. It
is quite ironic that right after Turkey was admitted to the European
customs union, the Greek government’s official spokesman Telemahos
Hytiris used the most friendly words he could muster and said the
following: “The Hellenic government ‘dropped’ the veto without securing
any compromise by the Turkish government. At the same time, Hellas was
opening the door of civilized Europe for the BARBARIC MONGOLOIDS, the
Here’s another gem of a statement I was able to glean recently. It
said, “…many web sites were created by Turkish “students” throughout
the world. And in their amateurish ways, they try to present liberated
Thrace in Hellas as a place where Turks are oppressed. But what can we
expect from a MURDEROUS BUNCH, who have even ‘converted’ the genocide of
2.5 million poor Armenians, into a massacre of Muslims and Jews.”

It is not a well-kept secret that Greeks and Turks did not get
along too well in the past. Of all the nationalities integrated under
the aegis of the Ottoman rule, the Greeks and to a certain degree the
Serbs were most resentful of not being independent. It is only natural
that the governed should resent their rulers and the Turks were their
rulers for 400 years, until the middle of the 19th century.
Turks were also victorious in a fairly recent war in 1919-1922, a
Greek invasion instigated by the then British Prime Minister Lloyd
George, and the First Lord of the British Admiralty Winston Churchill.
This senseless intrusion onto Turkish soil in Anatolia, and their
humiliating defeat at the hands of their former rulers, the Turks, could
be counted as the prime source of their frustration. This, of course,
led to the Greeks’ unbearable inferiority complex.
There was a period of relaxation of tensions on both sides. A
rapprochement of sorts was initiated by Mustafa Kemal Ataturk during the
early Thirties. This lull lasted until the end of the Second World
War. I remember during those feverish days of the war Turkish
government-owned cargo ships smuggled tons of wheat cut from their
meager supplies of food stuffs, maneuvering through the hazardous,
mine-infested waters of the Aegean Sea to reach Greece, so that their
neighbors would not starve. In the process Turks lost scores of their
own citizens and vessels.
This feeling of closeness and empathy toward one another slowly
dissipated. Through the demise of Ataturk, then of the elderly leader
of Greece, Eleftherios Venizelos, the short-lived détente between the
two nations was no more. Taking its place was now the Greek experiment
with international Communism, which ended in 1946 with the inauguration
of the Marshall Plan, and by the full Nato membership of Greece and
Turkey in 1952.
The Tri-partite treaty of 1959-60 among Great Britain, Greece, and
Turkey, granting the Turkish and Greek Cypriots an independent status,
followed by massacres, the Greek Army Colonels’ coup, then the Turkish
military intervention to save the Turkish nationals, the 24 year-old
stalemate continuing on the island of Cyprus have all contributed to the
present day state of affairs between the two neighbors.

As long as the Greek-American lobby, the Greek Orthodox Church, and
the ethno-centric Greek organizations operating as propaganda machines
are around us, there will be no chance for the cessation of hostilities
emanating from their side, targeting continuously the interest of
Turkish people everywhere.
The website mentioned earlier, is but one of duzens of similar
sites spewing venom, Greek style, against anything Turkish, 24 hours a
day. Never mind the fact that Turkey is four times the size of Greece
and six times more populated than their country, the arrogance displayed
by the likes of Theodoros Pangalos in Greece and Glafkos Klerides in
southern Cyprus is incomprehensible at best.
A further striking example of unbelievable audacity is witnessed in
the case of Greeks’ insistence in calling the city of Istanbul by its
previous name of CONSTANTINOPLE, though its name was changed 537 years
ago when the city was conquered by the Turks. Today no one in his right
mind dares to call New York by its old Dutch name of New Amsterdam;
Leningrad in Russia is now called St. Petersburg; the name of Stalingrad
is replaced by Volgagrad; In China the old Peking became Beijing; the
Dominican Republic’s Ciudad Trujillo adopted the name of Santo Domingo:
Zimbabwe’s old name was Rhodesia, and its capital, the former Salisbury,
proudly calls itself Harare. These changes have all been accepted
officially by everyone in the world. However, Greeks are determined to
give Istanbul the name of Constantinople.
Just to add a little color to this writing, let me give you a few
incomplete lines of a popular American song which dominated the HIT
PARADE TV programs for several weeks during the Fifties:

“…Take me back
to Constantinople,”
“No, you can’t go
back to Constantinople,
Now it’s
Istanbul, not Constantinople.”
“Why did
Constantinople get the works?”
“That’s nobody’s
business but the Turks’!”

As if the above intransigence wasn’t enough, the Greeks now seem to
have started a different agenda comprised of bold-face lies, and savage
attacks against a legendary leader whom every Turk considers being
Not so long ago, very laudatory words were spoken on the pages of
Miami’s prominent Spanish daily, EL NUEVO HERALD. The article was
entitled: ATATURK, TURKEY’S GREAT HERO, written by a Cuban born writer
and dramatist, Rolando Francisco Bravo. Mr. Bravo was criticizing the
Greeks and Armenians who had intimidated a film actor who had promised
to portray Ataturk in a movie. Mostly-Greek-Americans, who constantly
claim to be the originators of democracy, human rights, and of fair
play, alongside with their ideological partners, the Armenian-Americans,
unfairly flooded the actor’s office and his home with thousands of
letters, telegrams, e-mail messages and threatening phone calls. What
made the author mad was their use of very pejorative ugly language
describing Ataturk. They were calling him a mass murderer and the
sodomizer of children. Mr. Bravo urged the British movie producer
Tarquin Olivier, the son of the famous actor Sir Lawrence Olivier to
find an actor worthy of his project and not to buckle under the pressure
of those ‘radical immigrants.’
A few days later, a nasty reply entitled THE CRIMES OF ATATURK
appeared on the pages of the same newspaper where the Bravo article was
published earlier. The letter penned by the Director of the AMERICAN
HELLENIC MEDIA PROJECT (AHMP), a lawyer of Greek origin “residing” in
south Florida. Our inquiries found him with no local address or phone,
and no local registration with Florida’s Bar.
His letter was replete with every kind of stereotypical falsehoods,
slanders and out and out ridiculous statistics imaginable. Among the
most unbelievable claims he had was the statement that the Turkish
troops upon “invading” Izmir (their own city), and burning it to a
crisp, had managed to “butcher 200,000 Armenians and Greeks.”
Given the fact that this alleged monstrous massacre took place in
only a single day boggles the mind. The Turkish troops recaptured the
city on September 9, 1922. Since we are told that all remaining
foreigners left the port of Izmir during the next 24 hours, his
outrageous figure of 200,000 could have made the Turks the world’s
greatest military logistic performers. What the Turks had accomplished
would have been a super human miracle of sorts.
I happen to have an American-educated nephew who works at the NATO
headquarters in Izmir. I asked him to do some research for me on the
population of Izmir at the time of the great fire, and the massacres
blamed on Turks. Cuneyt expeditiously sent me the following e-mail
pertaining to the break-down of different ethnic groups living in Izmir
(census circa 1915. The 1922 records were not available, they had
perished during the fire.)




Osmanli(Turks) 114,000



As one can see, the sum total is only 250,000 people. Since the
number of Greeks and Armenians did not go beyond 65,000 souls, in order
for the Turkish military to be able to massacre 200,000 people of their
ethnicity, they had to transport into the city of Izmir an additional
135,000 from other parts of Turkey so that they could comply with the
quota shown in the letter and ‘butcher’ them there. It is a mystery how
they accomplished this Houdiniesque legerdemain and how theTurkish Army
accomplished this feat in such a short time and then magically disposed
of the bodies of those unfortunate victims of theirs. Oh! I almost
forgot, the Turkish armed force units are also accused, in that letter,
of snatching the Greek Orthodox Archbishop of Izmir, the Metropolitan
Christosomos oout of his Cathedral while he was saying Mass and killed
him and dismembered his body in the street. The perplexing question is:
Why was he singled out? Wasn’t he and the others in the church part of
the 200,000 to be ‘butchered?
Though all of this doesn’t make sense to us, it is logical to the
Greeks and Armenians who have lied so many times that they believe their
own fabrications. It’s that simple.

Daydreams, or call them hallucinations, are unproductive. They
tend to make their perpetrators the laughing stock of true historians.
As fiendish, diabolical and contemptible as they may be, they are
nevertheless as transparently deceitful. And as long as we allow them to
pull the wool over the eyes of those who do not bother to search for the
truth, the unsuspecting bystanders will be watching and approving,
inadvertently, their dishonest political charades.


Mahmut Esat Ozan

The Turkish Times

It’s been ages now that I’ve been trying to find a way, in my mind, for
the solution of a long-standing personal dilemma. I’ve been wrecking my brain
attempting to formulate a logical explanation to satisfy myself. This
cranial exploration of mine concerns the existence of a phenomenon involving
Turkey and her many detractors. I’ve been searching and researching clues to
unearth any acceptable reason for the justification and rationalization of the
hostile actions of many, such as the members of the European Union community
and of the neighbors of Turkey. They all seem to have a synchromeshed sense
of belligerence towards Turks.
I’ve been asking myself the following question over and over again,
“‘wHAT IS THEIR PROBLEM?” Additional questions pop up in my mind, such as,
“WHY DO THEY BEHAVE THE WAY THEY DO?” The recent events involving ABDULLAH
OCALAN come to mind and revive old recollections. There he stands as a
notorious terrorist, whose bloody organization, responsible for thousands of
murders, is outlawed not only by the Turkish government, but also by Germany,
France, and the United States of America. And he is set free! This is a very
disturbing situation. Upon his illegal entry into Italy, we had hoped and
expected some repercussions, some popular movement leading to an indictment
for his dastardly actions of the past 15 years. This wishful thinking of many
has not materialized. Furthermore, when the world-famous, and universally-
respected international police agency, INTERPOL, was rendered impotent even
though it had a long-standing warrant for Ocalan’s arrest, but was not allowed
to incarcerate him in a jail and keep him under 24-hour surveillance,
everyone, with the exception of the Italian Communists, was saddened. To top
it off, he was rewarded by a life of leisure in a luxurious Renaissance villa.
This is part of my quandary.
Since, as a writer, I’m not in a position to figure out the answers to
those inquiries, the more I ask questions, the more I become frustrated. It
is the erratic and unexplainable behavior of many countries such as Italy and
the ones surrounding the Turkish Republic that discourages many Turks.
Everyone seems to be out to get Turkey. This priceless piece of Anatolian
real estate must be an irresistible magical attraction for them. And in real
estate terms the most desirable notion for success is location, location, and
The country has just finished celebrating the 75th anniversary of the
foundation of that republic, and its occupants, the Turks, do not have an inch
of their soil to give away to anyone. The land area comprising Turkey may not
be huge, but if we are allowed to brag a bit, we could say easily that Turkey
is larger than TEXAS, with a population three times as much. The city of
Istanbul alone has more people living within its boundaries than the entire
population of Greece.
A variety of countries share this geographical area with Turkey. They
are Greece, Syria, Iraq, Iran and Armenia, as Turkey’s ages-old neighbors.
Most of them have been coveting a portion of this valuable Anatolian
topography, and hoping to get a part of it some day. Ordinarily, Bulgaria and
Russia would be included in this rapacious, hostile group. However, after the
dissolution of the old Soviet Empire, Turkey’s prominent construction
conglomerates played their cards right and underbid all European construction
firms, and found themselves in a position to assist the tottering Russian
economy, by default. They have been, ever since, constructing impressive
shopping centers, hotels and governmental buildings and public housing in many
parts of Russia. These firms have now an established reputation for good and
honest work, and tens of millions of dollars in the banks. Some Turkish
contractors have recently signed contracts to build a four-lane highway from
Edirne to Sophia and around Bulgaria. This is the only reason why neither one
of these two traditional enemies of Turkey wish to find their names on the
roster of trouble-causing adversaries of the Turks.
Unfortunately, on some other fronts things do not look as well. Time and
again Iran claims that it has no desire to foment trouble for its neighbor,
Turkey, by helping the infamous PKK terrorists. Nevertheless, every
investigative probe shows they are not telling the truth, and that they are
clandestinely subsidising the PKK and arming the Kurdish guerillas to the
When it comes to Armenia, we see that the bankrupt republic of Yerevan is
still suffering from the Turkish embargo, still adamantly anti-Turkish and
anti-Azeri in its over-all foreign policy and is still being advised by the
Dashnak factions of the Kotcharian government. It looks like they are going
to miss the “Caucassus Oil Express” by a mile.
Yes, instead of patching up its long-existing differences with its
neighbor, Turkey, the Armenian government supports blatantly Ocalan and his
PKK terrorists. By the same token, it is not about to iron out its grievances
with the Azeri people, 20% of whose land they still occupy in the NAGORNO-
KARABAKH, causing the continuation of unheard of misery for over a million
In the meantime, the Armenian and Greek propaganda machines in the United
States are cranking out unfavorable misinformation without batting an eye. A
Harut Sassounian writes in the CALIFORNIA COURIER that there was no doubt in
his mind that the Turkish government had forced four different religious
leaders to make statements against their will. Previously, the newly elected
Armenian Patriarch of Turkey, Archbishop Mesrob Mutafyan, the Greek Ecumenical
Patriarch Bartolomeos, Israel’s Chief Rabbi Arus Ratson, and Turkey’s
religious chief, Mehmet Muri Yilmaz had all criticized the actions of the
Italian Communist government of Prime Minister, Massimo D’Alema, for refusing
to extradite Ocalan to Turkey, his birth place. One even pleaded with Pope
John Paul II, asking him to intervene on behalf of the Turkish people, and
said the terrorist Ocalan did not even know Kurdish, emphasizing his
disconnect with the people of his own kind.
In another ridiculous letter written to the CHRISTIAN SCIENCE MONITOR,
the Executive Director of the American Hellenic Media Project, Mr. P.D.
Spyropoulos, referred to Turkey as a “militant Mideast backwater,” called the
reactions of the mothers of the Turkish martyrs “hysteria” and unabashedly
described the Turkish people as “a mob.” By the way, both “ethnic chetnicks”
disowned their religious leaders, who sided with Turkey, as being ‘”traitors.”
P.D. Spyropoulos is the same individual who had replied in one of his so-
called rebuttals concerning the article, “Who Burned Izmir?” Following a slue
of insults against Turks, he claimed that the liberating Turkish forces not
only burned their own city, but that they had also butchered 200.000 Greeks
and Armenians in the process, not knowing that the total Greek and Armenian
population of Izmir at that time did not even reach one half of that
ridiculous figure, proving him the champion PREVARICATOR of the century.
Now back to the main problem Turkey has been afflicted with for almost
two long decades.


With the inauguration of the Marxist-Leninist terrorist organization in
Moscow in the late Seventies a new element was added to the list of sinister,
vulture-like characters waiting in ambush, in the wings. They are now
everywhere. They are present at all points of the compass: NORTH, EAST, WEST,
and SOUTH. The first letter of the names of their geographical locations
creates the word N.E.W.S., and the news they create remains associated with
the belligerent behavior displayed vis-a-vis the Turks. The favorable
attitude of the detractors of Turkey towards this terrorist organization has
never been explained in a convincing fashion, even by the most astute
political science experts alive today. As for myself, not being a schooled
psychoanalyst, nor a trained behavioral psychologist, find myself completely
helpless in passing judgement on this bizarre demeanor. Curiously, most
observers I reviewed so far on this subject, be they Turkish or otherwise,
seem to be as baffled about this phenomenon as I am. I have to admit I’m lost
for words confronting this abnormality of conduct. I call it,


Mahmut Esat Ozan

In the past, when we, as Turkish people, tried to answer the
relentless unfounded salvos of Greeks and Armenians attacking us, we
were invariably confronted with a willful, systematic, but at the same
time a cowardly propaganda. In each and every one of those encounters
we were made uncomfortable by their vociferous claims that our words
were nothing more than meaningless utterances of revisionists, and
falsifiers of historical records, and that they, themselves were the
true adherents to history and to true facts.
In order to remedy, once and for all, this manipulation of the
truth, something had to be done. Someone had to tell them and all the
other detractors of the Turks, in plain language, that their struggle
had always been centered around a bogus indoctrination of people with
little or no knowledge on the subject at hand: The so-called “genocide”
for the Armenians and the oft-repeated “invasion” of the island of
Cyuprus. Their efforts in maligning Turkey and Turks had to be refuted
in such a way that neither the Greeks nor the Armenians could extricate
themselves from the argument, without losing face. With this point in
mind I decided to employ a new method, using only their own words to
refute their unsubstantiated claims. Thus, I would use the statements
expressed by their own kind, with a pertinent commentary or two made by
historians, anthropologists and statesmen exclusively from the Western


A chance for a trial run on this issue presented itself recently as
an answer I had posted on-line, on the Internet, replying to the
uncalled-for attacks of Greeks and Armenians about a British movie
producer who had plans for a full length film on the life of Mustafa
Kemal Ataturk. Those plans had to be postponed because thousands of
e-mail letters, faxes, and telegrams accompanied by threatening phone
calls had finally intimidated the movie star who had accepted to portray
Ataturk on the silver screen.
Having read my above-mentioned on-line reply, a Greek-American
confronted me with an ugly personal message. The following is a small
sample of his diatribe:
“You Turks are pathetic. You can’t even accept the fact that our
Western civilization is founded on the pillars of Greek thought and
Aristotles, Socrates’, Euripideses, Aristophaneses, Archimideses and the
Euclids? Both science and civil administration of the Western world is
of Greek origin.”
Given the promise I had made to myself earlier, I brought in the
expertise of a foreigner by relying on the “mongrelization of the
present-day Greeks” theory, espoused by several chroniclers of history
in the past, but best interpreted by a German anthropologist and
historian, Jakob Phillip Fallmerayer, who lived between 1790-1862.
ABENDLANDES, published in 1861, re-printed in 1900 wrote the following:

“Contrary to the views of the revisionists of ancient Greek history,
today’s Greeks do not have any continuity with their namesakes, the
Greeks of antiquity.”
According to the records of ancient history of the Balkans, several
respected historians believe similarly, that the inhabitants of Greece
of our day have no more connection with the ancient Greeks of the
mythological times than the ordinary FELLAHINE who live in Egypt today,
could be related to the descendants of the Pharaohs themselves.
It was King Philip II of Macedonia who had united the Thracian
Greeks and the rest of the natives of the areas he had conquered to
prepare them for an expedition against the Persians. His son,
Alexander, founded, later on, his vast dynasty on the ruins of the old
empire built by his father. Historians are unanimous on this one point
that the ancient Macedonians as well as today’s citizens of the
independent country of MACEDONIA are not Greeks at all. In reality, the
ancient Greeks had a name for them, “Barbarians'” a word which simply
means an alien, a foreigner.
The great Athenian statesman and orator Demosthenes spoke of King
Philip II of Macedonia in very pejorative terms when he said in part:
“…he,(Philip) not only is no Greek, nor related in any shape or
form to Greeks, but he is not even a true ‘barbarian’ from any place
that can be named with honors, but a pestilent knave from Macedonia,
whence it was never yet possible to buy a decent slave.”
This very same “Macedonian barbarian” referred to by Demostenes in
his speech, defeated his enemies, the Greeks, at the battle of Chaerones
in August 338 BC and appointed himself “Commander of the Greeks.”
Nonetheless, today’s inhabitants of those lands unabashedly call his
son, ALEXANDER THE GREAT, a noble Greek.


One more irate Armenians Turcophobe, who may have seen again
something I wrote on-line, was lecturing me in length about his
displeasure of my “hatred of everything non-Turkish.” Why was I the
target of such a harsh indictment?
“You deserve all that,” as he put it, “because you are a descendant
of that ‘wily and crafty redheaded Turk, born in Salonica of Greek and
Jewish parents and died of dreadful syphilis.” He went on saying,
“ataturk,”(notice how he spelled his name with a lower case letter ‘a’)
“He may be a hero to you, but actually he was a Genghiz Khan, who in
1920-22 ordered the complete destruction of the port of Smyrna, that
annihilated hundreds of thousands of innocent Greeks and Armenians”
His hysterical venom not yet depleted, he continued, “If you could
only get off the hashish for just long enough and stop deluding
yourself, you will realize that you are shooting yourself in the foot.”
The rest of his diatribe was as garnished with falsehoods and
fabrications as were the previous portions of it.
“Ever since” he said “the Turkish hordes with their scimitar – the
curved swords, marched from Central Asia into Asia Minor and Europe,
they have robbed, pillaged and destroyed every pillar of civilized
life. They have stolen Greek and Armenian lands, butchered their people
and raped their women. It was sad times for the Armenian people. That
was 900 years ago. But again in 1914-22 Talaat, Enver, and Hamid Pashas
followed suite with the genocide. Your people today are still at it
with the Kurds of Anatolia. Renounce the hashish-inflicted propaganda
of Turkey. Permit your adversaries to exercise their civic rights by
speaking their minds on a stupid movie about a sexual deviant and a
military misfit called ataturk. I don’t indulge in hate, but I hate
thieves, liars, and butchers of innocent children.
P.S. If you want a movie, go make one. And stop complaining.”
Again, in order not to deviate from my earlier plan, I told him, “I
do not wish to waste my time trying to refute each and every one of your
accusations. They were all either totally false or slanderous.
However, I will let you listen to the venerable Armenian historian
ASOGHIK, who recorded his impressions on the arrival of Seljuk Turks to
Anatolia. After that, when you lie again, you may feel a bit of remorse
of conscience.”
ASOGHIK wrote, “The Armenians of Byzantium have welcomed the Seljuk
conquest with lengthy celebrations in the streets and thanksgiving to
God for having rescued them from long years of Byzantine oppression.
Seljuk Turks gave protection to the Armenian Church, which the
Byzantines had been trying to destroy. They abolished the oppressive
taxes which the Byzantines had imposed on the Armenian Churches,
monasteries and priests, and in fact exempted such religious
institutions from all taxes. The Armenian community was left free to
conduct its internal affairs in its own way, including religious
activities and education, and there never was any time at which
Armenians or other non-Muslims were compelled
to convert to Islam. The Armenian spiritual leaders in fact went to
Seljuk Sultan Melikshah to thank him for his protection.”
Another respected Armenian historian MATHIAS of Edessa related,
“Melikshah’s heart is full of affection and good will for
Christians; he has treated the sons of Jesus Christ very well, and he
has given the Armenian people affluence, peace, and happiness.”
After the death of another Seljuk Sultan Kilic Arslan, the same
Armenian historian MATHIAS wrote,
“Kilic Arslan’s death has driven Christians into mourning since he
was a charitable person of high character.”
MATHIAS also related, “How well the Seljuk Turks treated the
Armenians is shown by the fact that some Armenian noble families like
the TASHRIK family accepted Islam on their own free will and joined the
Turks in fighting Byzantium.”
It was, however, the world-renowned historian Arnold Toynbee who
centuries later reinforced the words of ASOGHIK and of MATHIAS by saying
the following:
“The Ottoman institution came perhaps as near as anything in real
life could to realizing the ideal of Plato’s Republic.”
“Edson L. Clark, the British philosopher and historian, had this to
assert, “The Turks were far better men and far abler rulers than the
wretched tyrants they superseded…” “The Turkish dominions were better
governed and were more prosperous than most parts of Christian Europe.”
And the well-known American historian and novelist, Harold Lamb,
wrote this, “Few Europeans realized that the Turkish Ottoman Sultan
Suleiman was the head of the most democratic government of their time.”
An article which appeared on My 15, 1991 in this very newspaper had
another revelation. This time the person who was doing the revealing
was HOVHANNES KATCHAZNOUNI, the Prime Minister of the Soviet Armenian
Republic during World War I:
“At the beginning of the fall of 1914, when Turkey had not yet
entered the war, but had already been making preparations, Armenian
revolutionary bands began to be formed in Transcaucasia with great
enthusiasm, and especially, with great uproar…they fought against the
Turks because they could not refrain themselves from fighting. This was
an inevitable result of psychology on which the Armenian people
nourished itself during an entire generation that mentally should have
found its expression, and it did so…
“We overestimated the ability of Armenian people, its political and
military power, and importance of the services our people rendered to
the Russians. And by overestimating our very modest worth and merit, we
were naturally exaggerating our hopes and expectations…”
The Armenian historian VARTANIAN relates that “Ottoman Armenians
were completely free in their traditions, religion, culture and language
in comparison to Russian Armenians under the Czars. “The Ottoman Empire
was the Armenians’ only shelter against Russian oppression.”
Finally, here are the prophetic words of another Armenian writer
BORIAN, who says, “Czarist Russia, at no time, wanted to assure Armenian
autonomy: For this reason one must consider the Armenians who were
working for Armenian autonomy as no more than agents and spies of the
Czar, to attach Eastern provinces to Russia.”
The Russians thus have deceived the Armenians for years; and as a
result the Armenians have been left with nothing more than an empty

* * *


The Livingston amendment, seeking to end a US aid ban on
Azerbaijan, Section 907, was defeated yesterday in the US House of
Representatives. V.Sonentz-Papazian, the executive director of the
Armenian National Committee of America, Western Region, began to
celebrate the fruit of their sinister machinations in the House, and
gloat over this malevolent deed of theirs, calling it a victory for the
Before going any further on this subject and offering comments on
this dastardly act, I, as an American tax-paying citizen, would like to
take this opportunity to thank first and foremost Cogressman Bob
Livingston (R-LA), for his amendment, and Congressmen Dana
Rohrabacker(R-Calif), Gerald Solomon(R-NY), and Sunny Calahan(R-Ala) for
their splendid efforts in trying to end the ban against Azerbaijan,
Section 907, which prohibited unfairly any aid to that country until it
lifts the economic blockade of Armenia and Nagorno-Karabakh.
I also feel I should send a heart-felt expression of thanks to the
members sof the US Congress who voted for the ill-fated attempt to lift
the restrictions dictated by Section 907. Their numbers, 20
Republicans, and 10 Democrats, and their names will be etched indelibly
in my mind and heart. I thank dearly each and every one of them for
their heroic effort.
On the other hand, I’d like to convey my feelings to all who want to
listen,that the likes of Frank Pallone(D-NJ), George
Radanovich(R-Calif), John Porter(R-IL), Peter Visclosky(D-In), and
others such as Fazio, De Lauro, Palosi, Lowey, Skaggs, Walsh, Wolf,
Yates from different sections of the country have only one thing
mutually common in their make-up. Their knowledge of recent history of
the world is imperfect, to say the least. Their avarice for the
financial support they need to be elected and re-elected to their
high-salaried, lucrative posts is legendary. Unfortunately the
financial backers of theirs which keep them electable, time and again,
have been adamantly hostile to Turkish or Azeri causes.


These political animals, these detractors of Azeris and of Turks,
who associate themselves with the members of the Armenian lobby, is
comprised of a bunch of morally-challenged, pathological
Turcophobes,who have little or no idea of what they are up to, and they
don’t seem to care, either. They’ve been offering their souls to the
highest bidders, and in this particular case the highest bidders are the
lowest adherents to truth and morality.
Their hate for anything Turkish can only be described as
unfortunate. They, like their brothers-in-hatred, the Greeks, have been
spending a major portion of their lives in the pursuit of hatred for
Turks. What a waste of precious time and human emotions. There is a
popular American saying: “You have to be taught to hate.” It was in
this country that I first noticed, with horror, the hate in the eyes and
the voices of some Armenians and Greeks. It was a sad lesson for me to
learn. However, the saddest thing for me to observe even today is the
fact that I feel I am devoid of any weapon to defend myself facing
these professional haters of Turks.
Many a time in the past,after I arrived to the United States of
America from Turkey, I agonized over a curious situation. From birth
to adulthood, I felt no one had prepared me there to fight these
adversaries who show no mercy or compassion towards me. I was a mere
descendant of Turks, whose ancestors were forced to share a common
destiny and sorrow with them in a time of war,an almost civil war-like
hostility period which took place almost a century ago. I often ask
myself “Why can’t I hate these people the way they hate me, openly,
incessantly, mercilessly, with the zeal of the most devout religious
missionary around.”
There were even times when I manifested a disgust against my
parents, against my relatives, against my teachers, against my
preachers, in other words, against all Turks who, from infancy took me
in their arms, fed me at their bosoms, taught me in their schools,
educated me in their society. I cursed them all!…aplease don’t
misunderstand me, not for them doing all those things to me. No!…I
cursed them for not teaching me how to hate my fellow men,(my enemies),
robbing me of my basic weapon to fight back, consequently, leaving me
naked, powerless against the unrelenting salvos of these programmed
assassins of the tolerance and culture of the nation of Turks.
These people, who foam at the mouth every time they hear the word
‘Turk” are none other than some sub-human characters which never existed
in any of the ficticious works of, say, Victor Hugo, Edgar Allen Poe,
Dante Aleghieri, or Dostoyevski, or for that matter, in Mary Shelly’s
Dr. Frankenstein. Neither one of those highly gifted writers could have
possibly created more evil, and hateful monsters than the enemies of
Turks. By the description of a well-known Greek scholar, Alexander
Pallis, we learn about this centuries-long bias against Turks, which
seems to have no end:
He says: :”From the fourteenth to the end of the seventeenth century
the Ottoman Empire was almost continuously at war with the Christian
Powers of Western Europe. The terror inspired by the Turkish name
among all the European peoples was largely responsible for the widely
spread popular belief that the Turks were a race of uncivilized
barbarians who, wherever they went, left nothing but smoking ruins
behind them and stamped out every vestige of civilization. Religious
fanaticism, coupled with the fear born of unbroken Turkish military
successes, resulted in creating among some detractors of the Turks a
state of mind which rendered them for the most part incapable of viewing
Turkey and the Turks with an objective and unbiased eye.”

Mahmut Esat Ozan
Past President, FTAA,
Florida Turkish-American
Association for Cultural Exchange
Miami, Florida

SECURITY FILES /// 5 Questions : Operation Euphrates Shield

5 Questions: Operation Euphrates Shield

1. What are the technical details of the operation?

The “Operation Euphrates Shield” is a military operation led by the Turkish Armed Forces (TAF) together with the Syrian opposition forces to eliminate DAESH from Jarabulus in the Syrian province of Aleppo. Along with the Turkish air and land forces, special TAF units and the National Intelligence Organization (MIT) are also taking part in this operation, which is partially supported by the international coalition against DAESH. Turkey trained and equipped the Syrian opposition forces of Sultan Murad Brigade, Sham Front, Faylaq al-Sham, Jaysh al-Nasr, Jaysh al-Tahrir, Hamza Division, Liwa al-Muattasim, Nureddin Zengi Brigade, 13th Division and Liwa Suqur al-Jabal for the “Operation Euphrates Shield” in advance. It is noteworthy that additionally to groups that were part of the Hawar-Kilis Operations Room, which had liberated Al-Rai from DAESH, the Nureddin Zengi Brigade, 13th Division, Jaysh al-Nasr and Faylaq al-Sham participated in the operation.

Turkey has been striving for a long time to take control from DAESH of the 90-kilometer-long Azaz-Jarabulus region with the aim of securing its border line as in the case of the zone between Azaz and al-Rai that was already liberated from DAESH. In this manner, the “Operation Euphrates Shield” is in fact the second phase of a controlled effort to secure Turkey´s border with Syria. The operation began at 4 a.m., August 24 with Turkish artillery and howitzer strikes. Following these shellings, the Turkish Air Force and the International Coalition targeted several DAESH positions and helped to create a corridor for 25 TAF tanks and Syrian opposition forces to cross the border to Syria along with TAF Special Forces and other special units of the intelligence agency. Constitutively, the “Euphrates Shield” operation had two phases. The first phase aimed to liberate several villages and areas in the west and south of Jarabulus in order to be able to lay siege to the city. In the second phase, an offensive attack enabled the entrance of the aforementioned forces to the city center. The numbers of the Syrian opposition forces involved in this operation is estimated at 2,000-3,000.

2. What is the importance of Jarabulus? Why did Turkey start this operation?

Jarabulus is very important for all actors on the ground. The city has a logistic importance due to its position on the west banks of the Euphrates. In addition to this, its border crossing with Turkey will allow the logistic support of Turkey-supported oppositional forces. This border gate was considered DAESH’s last door to the world by virtue of the presence of illegal crossing points. Possible future operations towards south-west fronts are now easier since the city is secured by the Euphrates River on its east side and Turkey in the north. To create Turkey´s long-awaited security zone, DAESH could be attacked from the Azaz-Marea-al-Rai axis and from Jarabulus simultaneously.

Jarabulus was taken by opposition forces on July 2012 and then captured by DAESH at the end of 2013. After the loss of Tal Abyad, DAESH held its last border gate at Jarabulus. Turkey arrested lots of people who tried to cross the border using illegal border-crosssings near the border gate of Jarabulus. In 2015, the PYD tried to take control of Jarabulus, so they could unite their self-declared cantons in Northern Syria. Jarabulus is important to Turkey for avoiding further threats to its border and for preventing the fusion of the PYD cantons.

3. How will the regional dimensions be shaped after the operation?

During his visit to Ankara, Joe Biden constantly emphasized that “The people of Turkey have no greater friend than the United States of America.” This could be understood as the USA expressing its wish to continue its cooperating relationship with Turkey. In this regard the U.S. demand that the PYD/YPG withdraw their forces back to the east side of the Euphrates could be interpreted as a positive step towards Turkey´s Syria policy. Furthermore, the weak response of the Assad regime could be seen as a result of the Turkish-Iranian talks. Added to this, the normalization process with Russia leads to the same enemy setting, namely of DAESH and PYD/YPG. The policy of Turkey from the very beginning to maintain the territorial integrity of Syria made it possible to reach an agreement on this base with the other sides. The common goal to fight against DAESH, which was created by the USA, now has developed into a fight also against the PYD/YPG to save the territorial integrity of Syria.

On the other side, all developments until “Operation Euphrates Shield” on the northern countryside of Aleppo were in favor of the PYD/YPG. The SDF/PYD/YPG, which has gained the support of the US-led Internal Coalition lead, was able to make great progress against DAESH and the Syrian opposition. But with this operation, Turkey and the Turkish Air Force are now effective on the ground. This was the first time Turkish jets entered the Syrian airspace since the downing of a Russian jet. With this move Turkey also broke the aerial control of the International Coalition. As a result, this will also influence the situation on the ground in Syria. The PYD/YPG has made positive gains for its dream of a PYD corridor under the banner of the fight against DAESH, but now they have lost their role as the force fighting DAESH and given up their advantage as a result of the air support from the International Coalition. The opposition force will be able to advance against DAESH and to limit the countryside controlled by the PYD/YPG. After pushing back PYD/YPG and DAESH forces, the position of Turkey and the Syrian opposition will get stronger.

4. How is the existence of the PYD/PKK in Northern Syria a threat to Turkey?

The PYD gained dominance in the regions of Afrin, Ayn al-Arab and Jazira by creating a symbiotic relationship with the Assad regime during the Syrian revolution. Since 2003, they acted as the Syrian affiliate of the PKK. Finally, they took control of a region in the northwest and northeast of Syria with the aim of creating a corridor that went as far as Afrin. The PYD has been behind the ethnic cleansing of Turkmens and Arabs in the region in an effort to create a society dominated by its own population. The PYD also give the HPG logistic support for terrorist attacks in Turkey. The military alliance with the USA against DAESH gave them new power, as a result of which they declared the Northern Syrian Federation. In conclusion, the PYD is a threat to Turkey and to the territorial integrity of Syria.

5. What are the next steps for Turkey?

One can expect that Turkey will take steps to effectuate a safe zone after the “Operation Euphrates Shield,” which has been on its agenda for a long time. A buffer zone may be established, which covers an area between Azaz and Jarabulus of 90 km in length and 40 km in depth and which has been liberated from DAESH and PYD/PKK terrorist groups. Thus, while Turkey eliminates major threats to its national security, people who forcibly migrated from these areas, can now return to their homes safely. After “Operation Euphrates Shield,” Turkey will carry on the air support to opposition forces to enable them to progress firstly to al-Rai and then further south against DAESH. Turkey should take steps to secure its borderline as much as possible and provide the Syrian opposition forces the support to go deeper towards the southern countryside. With this change of the balance of power, Turkey can support the unification efforts of the Syrian opposition forces in Idlib and Aleppo and lead them toward becoming a powerful actor on the ground and at the negotiation tables with the regime. Turkey should also try to isolate the YPG and to win over other groups that are under the umbrella of the SDF. Finally, following this, Turkey should act together with local actors, groups and tribes to push the YPG towards the east of the Euphrates.